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Title: 



Select list of references 
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Date: 

1903 



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U. S. Library of Congress. Division of hihliography, 

... Select list of references on government ownership of 
railroads; compiled under the direction of A. P. C. Griffin, 
chief of Division of bibliography. Washington, Govt, print. 
off., 1903. 

14 p. 26i«^"'. 

At head of title: Library of Congress. Division of bibliography. 

1^ Railroads and state— Bibl. i. Griffin, Appleton Prentiss Clark. 



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ICHUOL Of 

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LISRAKY 

JUL 2 2 194C 

LIBRAEY OF CONGRESS 

DIVISION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY 



/)-dJJ-> 



SELECT 



LIST OF EEFERElSrCES 



ON 



GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP 
OF RAILROADS 



COMPILED UNDER THE DIRECTION OP 

A. P. C. GfR.IFFITsr 

CHIEF OF DIVISION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY 



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1903 



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LIBRARY 




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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 

DIVISION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY 



SEXjECT 



LIST OF EEFEEE]>rCES 



ON 



GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP 
OF RAILROADS 



COMPILED UNDER THE DIRECTION OP 



A. r». C. G^RIFFIN 



CHIEF OF DIVISION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY 



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1908 




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INTRODUCTIOK 



This is one of a number of lists upon topics of current interest which 
have been compiled to meet requests by letter. So far as it could be 
distributed at all it has hitherto been distributed in typewritten form. 
The applications have become so numerous that it has now been reduced 
to print, so as to be available for more oreneral distribution. 

It has no claim to completeness, nor does it even attempt to exhaust 
the resources of this Library on the subject. Its purpose is merely to 
present some of the authorities of interest to the general inquirer. 
The special investigator must, of course, go much further. 

A. P. C. Griffin, 
Chief of Division of Bihliograpky, 
Herbert Putnam, 

Librarian <f Congress. 

Washington, D. C, March 26, 1903. 



REFERENCES ON GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP 

OF RAILROADS. 



Acworth, W. M. The state in relation to railway's. 

{Ill Mackey, Thomas, ed. A policy of free exchange, pp. 163-210. 
London, 1894. 8°.) 

Adams, Charles Francis. Railroads: their origins and problems. 

JVmv York: G. 1\ Putnam's sons. 1878, (^), 21^6 />/>. 7^^. 

The regulation of all railroads through the state ownership 

of one. Speech on behalf of the Mass. board of railroad 
commissioners, made before the joint standing legislative 
committee on railways, February 14, 1873. 
Boston: James li. Osgood and company, 1873. 39pp. 8^, 

Adams, Henry C. Relation of the state to industrial action. 

\ Baltimore]: American economic association^ January. 1887. 
85 pp. 8^. {American economic association. Puhli cat ions., 
vol. i, no. 0.) 

Alexander, E. Porter. Railway practice, its principles and suggested 

reforms reviewed. 

JVeiv York and London: G. P. Putnamh sons, 1887. (2), 60 

pp. 12^. {Quest ions of the day ^ no. 3G.) 

A discussion of the railway problem as involving only the principles 
upon which tariffs are formed and competition between water 
lines and rival railways is conducted. Holds that railway tariffs 
must be based upon value of service rendered, and limited by a 
reasonable profit upon cost of service and investment employed; 
and, also, that stability, publicity, and uniformity of rates can 
only exist where there is a community of interest between the 
carriers, while such community can only exist under a pool or 
under consolidation. 

American economic association. The railwaj' question. The 
report of the conmiittee on transportation of the American 
economic association, with the paper read at the Boston 
meeting May 21-25, 1887, on ''The agitation for federal 
regulation of railways." By Edmund J. James. 
[Baltimore, 1887.] 66 pp. 8^. {American economic associa- 
tio7i. Publications., vol. ^, no. 3.) 



6 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. 



Baker, Charle.s Whiting. Monopolies and the people. 

JVeir York and London: G. F. FidnanCs sons^ 18S9. xv, 
203pp. 12^. {Questions of the day, no. 57.) 

• Same. 3d edition, revised and enlarsred. 

JVeir Yorl and London: G. P. Putnam'' s sons^ 1899. irxlii^ 
{2), 368 pp. 12^. (Question.'^ of the day. no. 59.) 

Barker, Wharton. The great issue. Reprints of some editorials from 
The American, 189T-lt)()(i. 
Philadelphia, 1902. 391 pp. 12^. 

Pp. 32-59 contain editorials lieaded "Railroad as the master," 
"Our railroads as oppressors of the lionest and servitors of the 
unseruj)ulous," "Nationalize the railroads or ])auperize the 
nation," "Railroad nionopoly." 

Bolen, George L. The phiin faets as to the trusts and the tariff, Avith 
chapters on the railroad problem and nmnicipal monopolies. 
I^ew Yorl-: The Maanillan aymfany, 1902. viii, J^51 pp. 
12^. 

"The railroad prohlem," pp. 44-90. 

Bonham, John M. Industrial liberty. 

Neic Yorl' and London: G. P. Putnam^ s so?i.s, 1888. ix., (i), 

"The relations of railways and the 'trust' to industrial liberty," pp. 
96-128. 

Railway secrecy and trusts. 

New York and London : G. P. Put nan i\^ sons, 1890. 138 pp. 
12^. {Questimi^ of the day, no. 61.) 

Borght, R. van der. Das Verkehrswesen. 

Leipzig: C. L. Ilirschfld, 189^. x, ^68 pp. 8^. (I/and' 
U7id Lehrhuch der Staats^visseiichaften. 1. Alt., 7. Bd.) 
"Der Eisenbahnverkehr," pp. 273-350. 

Cook, William Wilson. The corporation problem. The public phases 

of corporations, their uses, abuses, [etc.] 

Nefw York: G. L\ Putnam's smis, 1891. vi, 262 2>p' 12^ * 
"Remedies for the railroad problem," pp. 120-181. 

Dabney, W. D. The public regulation of railways. 

New York and London : G. I\ Putnam's sons, 1889. v, (i), 
281pp. 12^. [QiMstiom of the day, no. 60.) 

A consideration of the legal and economic aspects of public regula- 
tion. Discusses the sources of legislative power and the limita- 
tions on it arising, first, from charter contracts, and, secondly, 
from the private property rights of owners of railways or railway 
securities. Following comes an investigation of the limitation on 
state powers arising from the exclusive right of Congress to 
"regulate commerce among the States." The economic aspects 
of the question are treated in three chapters, while the last two 
are on the interstate commerce act and express traflSc. 



REFERENCES ON GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP OF RAILROADS. 7 

Dixon, Frank H. State railroad control, with a history of its devel- 
opment in Iowa. With an introduction hy Henry C. 
Adams. 
New York: Thomas Y. Crowell <& company, \1896\ ix, (i), 
251 ijp. Folded taUe. Folded map. 12^. {Lihrary <f 

economics and 2>oli tics, no. 9.) ' 

In four parts. Part 1 outlines railroad history before 1873; part 2 
deals with the advisory commission; part 3 with the commission 
with power, and part 4 presents the author's general conclusions, 
in which is set forth a comparison between the commissions of 
Massachusetts and Iowa. An appendix gives the laws relating to 
the Iowa commission, a list of the Iowa commissioners, 1878- 
1894, and a table of complaints presented to the Iowa commission- 
ers, 1878-1894. Dr. Dixon asserts that for adequate control of the 
interstate business Congress must be looked to, "and the solu- 
tion of this entire question of control must come through a com- 
bination of national and state control, and a judicious division of 
powers," p. 208. ^ 

Farrer, Thomas Henry, Baron. The state in its relation to trade. 
With supplementary^ chapter by Sir Robert Giffen. 

Jjmdon: Macmillan and co.. 1902. xi, (1), 208 pp. 12^, 

(The English citizen.) 
"Railways," pp. 136-146. 

Griddings, Franklin Henr3\ Democracy and empire; with studies of 
their ps3^chological, economic, and moral foundations. 
New York: The MacmiUan co.^ 1900. x, 363 pp. 8'^. 
"The railroads and the state," pp. 145-156. 

G-reat Britain. Diplomatic and consular reports. Miscellaneous 
series, no. 574. Report on Prussian railways. 
London, 1902. 36 pp. 8'^. 

Hadley, Arthur T. Railroad transportation: its history and its laws. 
New York and London: G. P. Putnam'^ s sons, 1885. v, (i), 
269 pp. i^°. 

Haguet, Henri. Le rachat des chemins de fer suisses et des conse- 
quences. 
I'aris: Oh. Be ranger, 1902. 8'\ 

Hamon, Frantz. L'avenir de la politique fran^*aise en matiere de 
chemins de fer, complement a Touvrage de M. R. de Kauf- 
mann. 
Paris: Ch. Beranger, 1900. {2), 351 pp. 8"". 

Hendrick, Frank. Railway control by commissions. 

G. P. Putnam's sons, Neio Yoi'k <j& London, 1900. Hi, (1), 
161pp. 12'^. {Questions of the day, 710. 96.) 
Contents: Introduction; Railway regulation in France; Italy; Aus- 
tria; Belgium; England; The United States; The railway regula- 
tion 01 the Massachusetts commission as a guide to American 
railway control; Switzerland and the state purchase of railways. 



8 



LIBKARY OF CONGRESS. 



Hole James. National railways: an argunient for state purchase. 
2d ed., with appendix. 
CasHell ik CO., London. 189o, xvt, JjOS pp. 12^. 

Hudson, JaiiH's F. The railways and the republic. 

jVetr York: Harper ik brother i<, 1886. {!,), ^89 jyp. 8^. 
"Competition versus combination," pp. 287-315. 

Jeans, J. S. Railway problems: an inquiry into the economic con- 
ditions of railway working in different countries. 
. London: Lonciman.^. Green, and co., 1887. xxviii, 560 ;>/j>. 

Jevons, W. Stanley. The railways and the state. 

{In Owens College, Manchester. Essays and addresses, pp. 465-505. 
London, 1874. 8°.) 

Reprinted in the author's '* Methods of social reform," pp. 353-383. 
London, 1883. 8°. 

Kaufmann, Richard von. La politi(iuo f ran^aise en matiere de chemins 
de fer. traduit. mis a jour et precede dim etude com- 
plementaire par F. Hamon. 
Paris: Ch. Beranger, 1900. (^), xi, (i), 999pp. 8^. 

For supplement, see Hamon, Frantz, ''L'avenir de la poHtique 
fran<^aise en matiere de chemins de fer," Paris, 1900. 

Kirkman, :Marshall M. Economic theory of rates. Private versus 
government control of railroads. 
JVeiv York and Chicago: The World railway puhlishing com- 
pany, 1903. 355 p]i. m^. {The science of railway.^, vol. 

8.) ' ^ ' , 

Railway rates and government control. Economic questions 

surrounding these subjects. 

Chicago and JTew York: Band, JfcSally ch co.^ 1892. 35i, 
pp. 8^. 

The relation of the railroads of the United States to the 

people and the commercial and tinancial interests of the 
countrv. 

Chas. X. Trivess, printer, Chicago. [1885.] 5i.pp. 8^. 

Larrabee, William. The railroad question; a historical and practical 
treatise on railroads, and remedies for their abuses. 10th 
ed. 

Chicago: The Schulte puhlishing company, 1898. 488 pp. 
Frontispiece {portrait). 12^. 

Le ChevaUer, Roger. Du caractere juridique de Tadministration des 
chemins de fer de Tetat. 
I^aris: Arthur Bonsseau, 1902. H3 pj). 8^, 



REFERENCES ON GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP OF RAILROADS. 9 

Leroy-Beaulieu, Pierre Paul. L'etat moderne et ses fonctions. 
3. ed., revue et augmentee. 
Paris: Guillauniin i& cie., 1900. xii, ^87 pj). 8^. 

"De I'exploitation des chemins de fer par l'etat," pp. 204-229, 

Traite de la science des finances. 6. ed., refondue et aug- 
mentee. 
Paris: Guillaumin et cie., 1899. 2 vols. 8^\ {Econorniste^ 

i& puhlicistes contempm^ains. ) 

'*Etats qui sont proprietaires de chemin de fer," vol. 1, pp. 25-27; 
"Argmnents pour et contre I'exploitation des chemins de fer par 
l'etat," vol. 1, p. 100; " Les resultats de I'exploitation des chemins 
de fer par l'etat et les compagnies dans les differents pays," vol. 
1, pp. 103-105. 

LeTvis, George H. National consolidation of the railways of the 
United States. 
J^ew York: Dodd, Mead di comjyany, 1893. xv, (1), 326 pp>, 
12-. 

Le'wis, William Draper. The federal power over commerce and its 

effect on state action. 

Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania p)ress, 1892. Ilf5 

pp. 8^. 

* ' To trace the development of these constitutional ideas as set forth 
in the opinions of the Federal courts is a most interesting and 
instructive study, as one will find by reading the monograph 
before us." , 

Leyen, A. von der. Eisenbahnpolitik. 

{I\i Hand wort ^rbut'h der Staatswissenschaften, 2. Auflage, vol. 3, 
pp. 526-557. Jena, 1900. 4°. ) 

Massachusetts. Board of railroad commissioners. . Twenty -third 

annual report. Januar}", 1892. 

Boston: Wright (& Potter printing company^ 1892. xv, (i), 

335 pp. Folded diagrams, Folded map). Folded plan. 8^. 

"The Hungarian zone system," pp. 49 etseq.; "The Austrian zone 

system," pp. 55 et seq. 

Micheli, Horace. State purchase of railways in Switzerland. Trans- 
lated by John Cimimings. 

{In American economic association. Economic studies, vol. 3, 

December, 1898, pp. 349-420.) 
Translated from the Musce social. An abridged translation is 

printed in the Popular science monthly, vol. 53, September, 1898, 

pp. 609-620. 



10 



■II 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. 



Morgan, Appleton. The people and the railways, a popular dis- 
cussion of the railway problem of the United States, by 
way of answer to ^*The railways and the republic," by 
James F. Hudson, and with an examination of the inter- 
state commerce law. 

Neic York and Chicago: Bel ford, Clarke d; company, 1S88. 
240 pp. 12^. 

Nimmo, Joseph, jr. Pooling and govefnmental control of the rail- 
roads. December 2P)th, 1888. 
WaMngton: Gihson Iros., 1888. 11 pp. 8^. {The rela- 
tions of the railroads to the puUlc Interests, no. 1.) 

Parsons, Frank. Private monopoly in transportation contrasted 
with pu))li(' ownership and cooperative operation. 

{In United States. Industrial commission. Reports, vol. 9, pp. 

12:^193,888-890. Washington, 1901. 8°.) 
See also the Commission's report, pp. xxxvi-xlvii. 

Pew, Arthur. Notes on government railroads. 

Atlanta, Ga.: The American piih. c6 eng. vo., 189L 68 pv. 

Raynaud, L. foude sur la nationalisation des chemins de fer suisses. 
(These.) 
Paris: A. Rousseau, 1901. xv, 286 pp. 8^. 

SeUgman, Edwin E. A. Railway tariffs and the interstate commerce 
law. 

{In Political science (juarterly, vol. 2, June, 1887, pp. 223-264; Sep- 
tember, 1887, pp. 369-413. ) 

Squire, AVilliam P. The political problem of national ownership of 
railroads. Will it benefit the farmers? 
Washington, D. C: Press of llartman dc Cadlck, 189 J^. 8 
pp, 8^, 

Sterne, Simon. History and political economy of railways. 

{In Lalor, J. J. Cyclopaedia of ix)litical science, political economy, 
and of the political history of the United States, pp. 493-53l' 
Chicago, 1884. 8°.) 

Stewart, John L. Government ownership. 

Chicago, 1900. 203-262 pp. Portraits. <9°. {Progress. 
Issued monthly ly The unwerslty association In the interests 
of university and tcorWs congress extension, vol. 5, 710. 4.) 
Contents: Rise of the problem; Historic objects; Industrial changes; 
Demand for the extension of government ownership; Arguments 
in favor; Arguments against; Railroads in Germany, France, Bel- 
gium, Italy and Switzerland; The telegraph in England and United 
States; Government ownership in the United States; The Austra- 
lasian experiments; Conclusion. 



REFERENCES ON GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP OF RAILROADS. 11 

Stickney, A. B. The railway problem. With many illustrative 
diagrams. 
jSt. Paid, Mmn.: B. D. Merrill company, 1891. vli, {!), 
2^9 pp. 12^. 

Todd, Mrs. Marion. Railways of Europe and America; or. Govern- 
ment ownership. With notes from official sources. 
Boston: Aroiapuhllshing comjjany, 1893. 293 jyp. 12^. 

XJlrich, Franz. Traite general des tarifs de chemins de fer, contenant 
une etude speciale des tarifs appliques en Allemagne, 
Autriche-Hongrie, Suisse, Italic, France, Belgique, Hoi- 
lande, Angleterre et Russie. Ed. franyaise, revue par 
Tauteur. 
Paris: Baudry et cle., 1890. {2), x, 555 pp. 8^. 

United States. Department of State. Report on the relations of 
the governments of the nations of western Europe to the 
railways, prepared b}" Simon Sterne. Feb. IT, 1887. 15 
pp. 8^. 
U. S. Jf9th Congy^ess, 2d session. Senate nilscellaneoiis docu- 
ment no. 66. 

Industrial commission. Reports. 

Washington : Government printing office, 1900-1902. 19 vds. 
Maps. Facsimiles. Tahles. Diagrams. 8^. 

Vols. 4 and 9 are devoted to transportation and include evidence on 
the government ownership of railroads. The same subject is also 
discussed in vols. 12 and 17. In the final report of the Commis- 
sion, vol. 19, pp. 481-484, recommendations on the subject of 
transportation are made which include one for the revival and 
strengthening of the policy of government supervision and con- 
trol of railroads as originally laid down in the Senate committee 
report of 1886 and embodied the following year in the interstate- 
commerce act. 

Senate. Select committee on inter-state commerce. Report. 

Submitted to the Senate January 18, 1886. 

Washington: Government printing office, 1886. 2 vols. 8^» 

{Ji9th Congress, 1st session. Senate report no. Jfi, ^>a/'?'.y 1 

and 2.) 

Vol. 1. Report, with appendix. Vol. 2. Testimony. 

Waring, Charles. State purchase of railways. 

London: Chapman & Hall, 1887. xl, 20J^.p>P' ^^. 



GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIPOF RAILROADS: ARTI- 

CLES IN PERIODICALS. 



1871. 



1883. 



The government and the railroad corporations. Charles F. 
Adams, jr. 

North American reuiew^ vol. 112 {Jem., 1S71): .)1-61. 

State regulation of corporate profits. T. ]\I. Cooley. 
No7^th American revieiv, vol. 137 (Sept.. 18S3): 205-217. 



1884. The railway and the state. Gerrit L. Lansino-. 



1884. 



1886. 



1886. 



1886. 



1893. 



1893. 



1893. 



1893. 



Nm-th American revieiv, vol. 138 (Jfa?/. 1S84): 401-4,75. 

Les chemins de fer italiens. Cucheval-Clarigny. 
Bevue des deux mrmdes, 5^. anne'e, 3. periode, vol 04 (.My 1 
1884): 72-105; {July 15, 1884): 373-417. ' 

The difficulties of railroad regulation. Arthur T. Hadley. 
Popular .science monthly, vol. 29 {Maij, 1886): 1-11. 

Social studies. 1. The nature of the railway problem. 2. 
The economic evils in American railway methods. 8. The 
reform of railway abuses. Kichard T. Ely. 

II((rper\s neic monthly magazine, vol. 73 {July, 1880): 250- 
257; {Amj., 1880): 4^0-457; {Sept., 1880): 571-578. 

Railroad abuses, at home and al^road. Arthur T. Hadley. 
Neir Princeton review, vol. 2 {Xov., 1880): 355-305. 

Nationalization of railroads. Solomon Schindler. 
Arena, vol. 7 {Jan., 1893): 209-212. 

The railway policy of Prussia. Gustav Cohn. 
Journal of political economy, vol. 1 {Mar., 1893): 179-192. 

Governmental ownership of railroads. J. AV. Mason. 
American journal of politics, vol. 2 {Apr., 1893): 355-375. 

L'exploitation des chemins de fer de la Prusse depuis leur 

rachat par Tetat. Alfred Mange. 
Pemie des deux mondes, 63. annee, 3. periode, vol. 117 ( Yau 1 

1893): 142-108. v- -/ » 

12 



REFERENCES ON GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP OF RAILROADS. 13 

1894. The state ownership of railroads. 

American law revieiv, vol. 28 {July- Aug. , 1894) •' 608-611. 

1894. State railw^avs in Australia. William Hill. 

ft/ 

Journal of political economy, vol. 3 {Dec. , 1894) •' 1-23, 

1896. State ownership of railroads. Frank L. McVey. 
Guntcm) 8 'magazine, vol. 11 {July, 1890): 54-03. 

1896. The relation of the railroads to the state. S. Sterne. 

Citizen, vol. 2 {Sept., 1890): 237-243. 

1897. A decade in Federal railway regulation. H. T. Newcomb. 

Popular science monthly, vol. 51 {Oct., 1897): 811-819. 

1897. The administration of Prussian railroads. With special refer- 

ence to the adjustment of railway rates. B. H. Me^^er. 
American academy of political and social science. Annals, 
vol. 10 {MnK , 1897) : 389-423. 
With list of sources. 

1898. The naturalization of Swiss railwavs. W. M. Acworth. 

J^conomic journal, vol. 8 {June, 1898): 205-209. 

1898. Railroads and the government. B. W. Arnold, jr. 

Gunton^s magazine, vol. 15 {Aug. , 1898) : 125-133. 

1899. The regulation and nationalization of the Swiss railways. 

Hans Dietler. Translated from the German by B. H. 
Meyer. 

American academy of political and social science. Annals, 
vol. 13 {Mar. , 1899) : 143-172; {May, 1899) : 291-322. 

1900. The railroad and the people. A new educational policy now 

operating in the west. Theodore Dreiser. 
Harper^ s new monthly magazine, vol. 100 {Feb., 1900): 479- 

4^4- 

1900. The principles of government regulation of railroads. E. li. 
Johnson. 
Political science quarterly, vol. 15 {Mar. , 1900) : 37-49, 

1900. Federal regulation of railways in the United States. S. J. 
McLean. 

Economic journal, vol. 10 {June, 1900): 151-171. 

1900. State regulation of railways in the United States. S. J 
McLean. 

Economic journal, vol. 10 {Sept., 1900): 349-309. 



14 



LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. 



1900. Government ownership of railroads. R. L. Richardson. 

Canadian inagazine, vol. 15 {Sept., 1900): IfiS-JfiO; {Oct., 
1900): 531-536; {Nm,.^ 1900): 60-66: {Dec, 1900): 
m-171. 

1902. Government ownership of railroads. Martin A. Knapp. 

American academy of political and social science. An7ials, 
vol. 19 {Jan., 1902): 61-73. 

1902. Proposed extension of Prussian state railways. 

Board of trade journal, vol. 39 {m^v. 20, 1902): 361-362. 

1903. Extension of public ownership of railways. B. O. Flower. 

Arena., vol. 29 {Jan. , 1903) : 91-92. 







COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES 




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